10. Confidential Information
10.1. Definition. “Confidential Information” means all technical, scientific and other know– how and information, trade secrets, knowledge, technology, means, methods, processes, practices, formulas, instructions, skills, techniques, procedures, specifications, data, results and other material, pre– clinical and clinical trial results, manufacturing procedures, test procedures and purification and isolation techniques, and any tangible embodiments of any of the foregoing, and any scientific, manufacturing, marketing and business plans, any financial and personnel matters relating to a Party or its present or future products, sales, suppliers, customers, employees, investors or business, that has been disclosed by or on behalf of such Party or such Party’s Affiliates to the other Party or the other Party’s Affiliates either in connection with the discussions and negotiations pertaining to this Agreement or in the course of performing this Agreement. Without limiting the foregoing, (a) the terms of this Agreement as well as all information pertaining to the relationship between the Parties will be deemed “Confidential Information” of both Parties, and as such both Parties will be treated as the receiving Party, (b) the Products, all MODERNA Technology, MODERNA Manufacturing Know-How, MODERNA Improvements, MODERNA Equipment, MODERNA Materials, Project Documentation, Specifications, all Regulatory Approvals for the Products and all DMFs for the Products are Confidential Information of MODERNA, (c) all LONZA Technology, LONZA Operating Documents and LONZA Improvements are Confidential Information of LONZA, and, in each case, will be subject to the terms and conditions set forth in this Article 10 (except to the extent necessary for MODERNA to exercise its rights or obligations under this Agreement, including any relevant Statement of Work, including in connection with the licenses granted by LONZA to MODERNA in Section 11.2).
10.2 Exclusions. Notwithstanding the foregoing Section 10.1, any information disclosed by a Party to the other Party will not be deemed “Confidential Information” of the disclosing Party to the extent that such information:
(1) at the time of disclosure is in the public domain;
(2) becomes part of the public domain, by publication or otherwise, through no fault of the receiving Party or its Affiliates;
(3) at the time of disclosure is already in possession of the receiving Party or its Affiliates on a non–confidential basis, as established by contemporaneous written records;
(4) is lawfully provided to a Party, without restriction as to confidentiality or use, by a Third Party lawfully entitled to possession of such Confidential Information; or
(5) is independently developed by a Party without use of, reliance upon or reference to the other Party’s Confidential Information, as established by contemporaneous written records.
10.3 Disclosure and Use Restriction. Except as expressly provided herein, the Parties agree that for the Term and the ten (10)-year period following any expiration or termination of the Agreement, each Party and its Affiliates will keep completely confidential and will not publish or otherwise disclose any Confidential Information of the other Party, its Affiliates or sublicensees, except in accordance with Section 10.4; provided, however, that the obligations under Section10.5 with respect to MODERNA Manufacturing Know-How or any other trade secret information in the MODERNA Confidential Information or LONZA Confidential Information will survive in perpetuity. Neither Party will use Confidential Information of the other Party except as necessary to perform its obligations, or in the case of MODERNA to exercise its rights, under this Agreement.
10.4 Permitted Disclosures. Subject to Section 10.5, each receiving Party agrees to (i) institute and maintain security procedures to identify and account for all copies of Confidential Information of the disclosing Party and (ii) limit disclosure of the disclosing Party’s Confidential Information to its Affiliates and each of its and their respective officers, directors, employees, agents, consultants and independent contractors having a need to know such Confidential Information for purposes of this Agreement, including, with respect to MODERNA, to subcontractors and other Third Parties as necessary or reasonably useful for the purpose of performing MODERNA’s obligations or exercising its rights hereunder in filing or requesting Regulatory Approvals or communications with Regulatory Authorities as set forth in Section 7.10; provided that such Affiliates and each of its and their respective officers, directors, employees, agents, consultants and independent contractors are informed of the terms of this Agreement and are subject to obligations of confidentiality, non–disclosure and non–use similar to those set forth herein. Notwithstanding the foregoing, (a) such Confidential Information may be disclosed to (1) actual (sub)licensees, collaborators or partners, and its and their directors, officers, employees, agents or advisors (including accountants, attorneys, consultants, bankers, financial advisors and members of advisory boards), or (2) any bona fide potential or actual financing sources, investors, underwriters or acquisition partners (including attorneys, accountants, consultants, bankers or financial advisors of the foregoing), in each case ((1)-(2)) who reasonably require such information, who are informed of the confidential nature of such information and are bound by non–use and confidentiality obligations with respect to such information (which may include, solely with respect to attorneys and accountants, professional ethical obligations); and [***].
10.5 MODERNA Manufacturing Know-How. Notwithstanding anything herein to the contrary, the Parties recognize that maintaining the confidentiality and trade secret nature of the MODERNA Manufacturing Know-How requires an even higher level of vigilance than other Confidential Information. LONZA shall: (i) maintain MODERNA Manufacturing Know-How in confidence with the same degree of care with which LONZA holds its own like confidential manufacturing information, (ii) disclose the MODERNA Manufacturing Know-How only to those employees of LONZA or its Affiliates who have a need to know such MODERNA Manufacturing Know-How to conduct activities for the Products under this Agreement, including any relevant Statement of Work, and (iii) use the MODERNA Manufacturing Know– How only for Manufacturing and supplying the applicable Product under the relevant Statement of Work and for no other purpose. LONZA will apply appropriate firewall protections and safeguards for all MODERNA Manufacturing Know-How to prevent the MODERNA Manufacturing Know-How from being disclosed, transferred or used to or by any LONZA personnel that are not conducting activities relating to the Products under the relevant Statement of Work. LONZA will not disclose, transfer or use any MODERNA Manufacturing Know-How to any Third Party without the prior written consent of MODERNA, which consent will be at MODERNA’s sole discretion. For clarity, Section 10.4 will not apply to any MODERNA Manufacturing Know-How.
10.6 Government–Required Disclosure. If a duly constituted Governmental Authority, court or Regulatory Authority orders that a Party hereto disclose information subject to an obligation of confidentiality under this Agreement, such Party shall comply with the order, but shall notify the other Party as soon as possible, so as to provide the other Party a reasonable opportunity to apply to a court of record for relief from the order or for confidential treatment thereof, and thereafter such Party shall disclose only the minimum information required to be disclosed in order to comply.
10.7.1. Neither Party will refer to, display or use the other’s name, trademarks or trade names confusingly similar thereto, alone or in conjunction with any other words or names, in any manner or connection whatsoever, including any publication, article, or any form of advertising or publicity, except with the prior written consent of the other Party or as otherwise set forth in this Section 10.7.
10.7.2. Neither Party may issue any press release or make any other public announcement or statement concerning this Agreement, the transactions contemplated hereby or the terms hereof, without the prior written approval of the other Party, except as may be required by Applicable Law. In the event either Party (the “Issuing Party”) desires to issue a press release or other public statement disclosing information relating to this Agreement, the transactions contemplated hereby or the terms hereof, the Issuing Party will provide the other Party (the “Reviewing Party”) with a copy of the proposed press release or public statement (the “Release”) and seek the Reviewing Party’s prior written consent; provided that no such consent shall be required for press releases or other public statements required by Applicable Law (but the Issuing Party shall still provide the Reviewing Party with a copy of the Release for comment in accordance with this Section 10.7). The Issuing Party will specify with each such Release, taking into account the urgency of the matter being disclosed, a reasonable period of time within which the Reviewing Party may provide any comments on such Release and if the Reviewing Party fails to provide any comments during the response period called for by the Issuing Party, the Reviewing Party will be deemed to have not consented to the issuance of such Release. If the Party provides any comments, the Parties will consult on such Release and work in good faith to prepare a mutually acceptable Release. Either Party may subsequently publicly disclose any information previously contained in any Release so consented to.
10.7.3. Notwithstanding Section 10.7.2 or anything herein to the contrary, MODERNA’s obligation to submit any press release or other public announcement or statement concerning this Agreement to LONZA for prior written approval will not apply to any press release or other public announcement or statement regarding the achievement of any milestone identified in a Statement of Work, including regarding Process or Product development, Technology Transfer, or Process or Product Manufacture.
10.8 Securities Filings; Law. Each Party acknowledges and agrees that the other Party may submit this Agreement to the United States Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”) or any other securities exchange and if a Party does submit this Agreement to the SEC or any other securities exchange, such Party agrees to consult with the other Party with respect to the preparation and submission of, a confidential treatment request for this Agreement. If aParty is required by Applicable Law to make a disclosure of the terms of this Agreement in a filing with or other submission to the SEC or any other securities exchange or otherwise to comply with Applicable Law, and (i) such Party has provided copies of the disclosure to the other Party as far in advance of such filing or other disclosure as is reasonably practicable under the circumstances, (ii) such Party has promptly notified the other Party in writing of such requirement and any respective timing constraints, and (iii) such Party has given the other Party a reasonable amount of time under the circumstances from the date of notice by such Party of the required disclosure to comment upon, request confidential treatment or approve such disclosure, then such Party will have the right to make such public disclosure at the time and in the manner reasonably determined by its counsel to be required by Applicable Law. Notwithstanding anything to the contrary herein, it is hereby understood and agreed that if a Party is seeking to make a disclosure as set forth in thisSection 10.8, and the other Party provides comments within the respective time periods or constraints specified herein or within the respective notice, the Party seeking to make such disclosure or its counsel, as the case may be, will in good faith consider incorporating such comments.