“Background” means any data, know-how or information, whatever its form or nature, tangible or intangible, including any rights such as intellectual property rights that: a) are held by the Beneficiaries prior to their accession to the Grant Agreement, b) which are needed to implement the Action or to exploit the Results of the Action, and c) which are identified by the Beneficiaries in accordance with Clause 6.1.1 or 6.1.2 of the Consortium Agreement
“Direct Exploitation” means developing results for commercialization, including through clinical trials, or commercializing results themselves. Examples of Direct Exploitation include:
– clinical trials performed on a compound or biomarker itself (to the extent such compound or biomarker can be qualified a Result) with a view to market that compound or biomarker;
– commercialization of a biomarker (to the extent such biomarker can be qualified a Result) as a diagnostic kit.
“Research Use” means the use of Results (or Background necessary to use Results), for all purposes other than for completing the Action or for Direct Exploitation, and which includes but is not limited to the application of Results as a tool for research, including clinical research and trials, and which directly or indirectly contributes to the objectives set out in the societal challenges health, demographic change and well-being referred to in Regulation (EU) No 1291/2013 (establishing Horizon 2020). For the avoidance of doubt, the field of Research Use includes, without limitation:
– all pre-clinical research and development activities,
– all human clinical studies on compounds which were not Results of this Action (to the extent Results are used in such activities, e.g. as a tool),
– all activities relating to developing the ability to commercialize any drug substance or drug product (including process development work),
– all activities relating to seeking, obtaining and/or maintaining any regulatory approvals from regulatory authorities [or for the purposes of a medicinal product assessment (as provided for in the applicable local legislation].
To illustrate the distinction between Research Use and Direct Exploitation, an example of Research Use is the application of Results (like an animal model or a biomarker) as a tool for research and clinical research in the discovery, development or commercialisation of pharmaceutical products by for-profit institutions and organisations. However, the commercialization of such biomarker itself as a diagnostic kit would be Direct Exploitation.
6. Intellectual Property – General Provisions on Background
6.2 Ownership and Transfer of Background
6.2.1 Each Beneficiary shall remain the exclusive owner of its Background. Participation in the Action shall not affect such ownership rights in its Background, without prejudice to any rights and obligations under this Consortium Agreement and the Grant Agreement.
6.2.2 Each Beneficiary remains free to license, transfer or otherwise dispose of its ownership rights in Background, subject to any rights and obligations under the Grant Agreement and this Consortium Agreement. Where a Beneficiary transfers its ownership rights in Background, it must pass on its obligations specified under the Grant Agreement and the Consortium Agreement regarding the Background to the transferee, including the obligation to pass those obligations on to any subsequent transferee. If a Beneficiary grants licences on the Background it owns or lawfully holds, it must ensure that access rights granted to others as defined in the Grant Agreement and the Consortium Agreement can be preserved and that obligations to grant access rights to others can be fulfilled.
6.2.3 A Beneficiary may transfer its ownership rights in Background without the consent of the other Beneficiaries but provided that the other Beneficiaries are informed [within sixty (60) Days] from the date of transfer and that the transferee agrees in writing to be bound by the Grant Agreement and this Consortium Agreement.
7. Intellectual Property – General Provisions on Results
7.1 Ownership of Results
7.1.1 Results are owned by the Beneficiary who generates them.
Option 1: Beneficiaries may agree here that ownership of certain Results, once said Results have been generated, shall be transferred from the initial owner to another Beneficiary.
Option 2: Beneficiaries may agree here that where Results have been generated by one Beneficiary as a result of a cash contribution from another Beneficiary, these Results would be transferred to that second Beneficiary.
7.2 Joint Ownership
7.2.2 Co-Owners shall conclude in writing a joint ownership agreement defining their respective rights and obligations with respect to the Results.
7.2.3 Unless otherwise agreed in the joint ownership agreement pursuant to Clause 7.2.2, in the case of joint ownership of Results, each Co-Owner is granted a non-exclusive, world-wide, fully paid up, royalty-free, perpetual, irrevocable licence to use the jointly owned Results for Research Use, including the right to grant non-exclusive sub-licences to its Affiliated Entities and to Third Parties without the need to inform the other Co-Owners. Each Co-Owner and its Affiliated Entities shall have a license to use for Direct Exploitation the jointly owned Results, including the right to grant non-exclusive licences subject to the following conditions [Different terms can be determined here]:
[(a)prior notice of at least forty-five (45) Days must be given to any other Co-Owner(s); and,
(b) fair and reasonable compensation must be provided to the other Co-Owners, to be decided on a case-by-case basis.]
7.3 Transfer of Ownership and Granting of License on Results
7.3.1. Each Beneficiary remains free to transfer its ownership rights in Results.
7.3.2. Where a Beneficiary transfers ownership of Results, it must pass on its obligations specified under the Grant Agreement and the Consortium Agreement to the transferee.
7.3.3. Unless agreed otherwise (in writing) for specifically-identified Third Parties or unless impossible under applicable EU and national laws on mergers and acquisitions, a Beneficiary that intends to transfer ownership of Results must give at least forty-five (45) Days’ notice to the other Beneficiaries that still have (or still may request) Access Rights to the Results. This notification must include sufficient information on the new owner to enable any Beneficiary concerned to assess the effects on its Access Rights.
Unless agreed otherwise (in writing), any other Beneficiary may object within thirty (30) Days of receiving the notification if it can show that the transfer would adversely affect its Access Rights. In this case, the transfer may not take place until an agreement has been reached between the Beneficiaries concerned.
7.3.4. Notwithstanding the above, a Beneficiary may, without the consent of the other Beneficiaries but provided that the other Beneficiaries are informed [within 60 Days] from the date of transfer and that the transferee agrees in writing to be bound by the Grant Agreement and the Consortium Agreement, transfer its Results to any of the following: a) its Affiliated Entity, b) any purchaser of all or a substantial amount of its relevant assets, and c) any successor entity resulting from the merger with or consolidation of such a Beneficiary.
7.3.5. Provided that any Access Right to the Results can be exercised (requested and granted) and that any additional obligations under the Grant Agreement or the Consortium Agreement are complied with by the Beneficiary who owns Results, each Beneficiary may license its own Results to any legal entity as it deems fit.
8. Intellectual Property – Access Rights
8.1 General Provisions on Access Rights
8.1.1 Unless otherwise specified in this Consortium Agreement, in order for a Beneficiary to exercise its Access Rights, these must first be requested in writing.
8.1.2 Access Rights under Clauses 8.2.1 (Background for implementation) and 8.3.1. (Results for implementation) are hereby requested in writing by the Beneficiaries by means of signature of the Consortium Agreement. Such Access Rights are hereby granted by the respective Beneficiary by means of signature of the Consortium Agreement.
8.1.5 All Access Rights pursuant to the Consortium Agreement shall be granted on a nonexclusive basis and are worldwide, perpetual and irrevocable.
8.1.6 Unless otherwise specified herein, Access Rights granted pursuant to the Consortium Agreement shall not include the right to sublicense such Access Rights. However, a Beneficiary who enjoys Access Rights pursuant to Clauses 8.2.1. (Background for implementation), 8.2.2. (Background for Research Use), 8.3.1. (Results for implementation) and 8.3.2. (Results for Research Use) may authorize another legal entity, for instance an Affiliated Entity, to exercise those rights on the Beneficiary’s behalf, provided that the following conditions are fulfilled: a) the Beneficiary that enjoys Access Rights is liable for the acts of the other legal entity as if those acts had been performed by the Beneficiary; and b) Access Rights granted to the other legal entity do not include the right to sub-license.
8.1.9 Unless otherwise specified herein, each Beneficiary remains the exclusive owner of its Sideground. Beneficiaries are not required to grant any Access Rights to Sideground.
8.1.10 [Option:][The Research Use Access Right includes that any Beneficiary, or its Affiliated Entities, licensees and designees, may refer to any Results or Background necessary to use such Results of another Beneficiary, in regulatory documentation relating to any product owned by such Beneficiary, or its Affiliated Entities, licensees and designees. Such regulatory documentation may include the marketing authorisation application, patient information leaflet, summary of product characteristics and equivalent documentation anywhere in the world. Prior to the submission of such Results or Background in such regulatory documentation, the submitting Beneficiary shall provide notice of its intent to make such submission to enable the owning Beneficiary to file for Intellectual Property protection covering such Results or Background (related to such Results). In such case the submission may be delayed for [a reasonable period of time] necessary to obtain such a protection.]
8.2 Access Rights to Background
8.2.1 Access Rights for Implementation
184.108.40.206 During the Action, the Beneficiaries enjoy, unless prevented or restricted from doing so by obligations to others identified pursuant to Clauses 6.1.1 and 6.1.2, Access Rights to the Background of the other Beneficiaries, solely for the purpose and to the extent necessary for undertaking and completing the Action.
220.127.116.11 Such Access Rights are granted under Royalty-Free Conditions. […]
8.2.2 Access Rights for purpose of Research Use of Results
18.104.22.168 [During] and after completion of the Action, Beneficiaries and their Affiliated Entities enjoy Access Rights to the Background of the other Beneficiaries, only to the extent reasonably required for the purpose of the Research Use of Results.
22.214.171.124 Such Access Rights for the purposes of Research Use are granted under Clause 126.96.36.199 on the following Fair and Reasonable Conditions: [Please indicate the option chosen and, if applicable, work out an appropriate arrangement for Option 2. Conditions for Option 2 can also be outlined in the appropriate Annex pursuant to Clause 6.1 of the Consortium Agreement, on a Beneficiary per Beneficiary basis.] [Option 1:] [on Royalty-Free Conditions] [Option 2:] [on Fair and Reasonable Conditions other than Royalty Free Conditions] [Detail applicable terms which may include Financial Terms.] […]
8.2.4 Access Rights for Direct Exploitation
188.8.131.52 Beneficiaries are not required to grant Access Rights for Direct Exploitation to their Background and may use, exploit, sublicense or otherwise commercialize their Background as they see fit, subject to the Access Rights granted for implementation as set forth in Clause 184.108.40.206 and for Research Use as set forth in Clauses 220.127.116.11 and 8.4.2.
18.104.22.168 In the event that Direct Exploitation of Results by a Beneficiary requires Background of another Beneficiary necessary to use such Results the Access Rights to such Background may be negotiated between the Beneficiary owning such Background and the Beneficiaries involved.