"Know-how" (also: Know-How, Know How)
There are several definitions of Know-How found in agreements in the MAPGuide, for example:
Alternative 1 -
Any unpatented, unpublished, technical information (including, without limitation, information relating to inventions, discoveries, concepts, methodologies, models, research, development and testing procedures, the results of experiments, tests and trials, manufacturing processes, materials, formulae, formulations, processes, research or experimental results, techniques and specifications, quality control data, analyses, reports and submissions) that is not in the public domain.
Alternative 2 -
Any and all proprietary information and materials, including discoveries, improvements, processes, methods, protocols, formulas, molecular constructs, cell lines, reagents, assays, data, seeds (including pre-seeds, master seeds and working seeds), cell banks (including master cell banks and working cell banks), clones, primers, vectors, antibodies, serum samples, biological samples, results, inventions, know-how, trade secrets, compositions of matter (including compounds), formulations, and findings, in each case, patentable or otherwise.
Alternative 3 -
Any technical intangible technique, information, technology, practice, trade secret, invention (whether patentable or not), method, process, knowledge, know-how, conclusion, skill, experience, test data and results (including pharmacological, toxicological, manufacturing and clinical test data and results), regulatory documentation, analytical and quality control data, software or algorithm, database, standard operating procedure, study report, technical document, batch record or other research, development and manufacturing information. Know-How also includes the tangible (i.e., written or electronic) files that record any of the foregoing; provided, however, that Know-How does not include (i) Patents, (ii) Materials or (iii) trademarks and domain names (or any applications or registrations thereof).
Alternative 4 -
All non-public technical, scientific, and other know-how and information, trade secrets, knowledge, technology, means, methods, processes, practices, formulae, instructions, skills, techniques, procedures, experiences, ideas, designs, drawings, assembly procedures, software, computer programs, apparatuses, specifications, data, results and materials, including: biological, chemical, vaccine-related, pharmacological, toxicological, pharmaceutical, physical and analytical, pre-clinical, clinical, safety, manufacturing and quality control data and information, including study designs and protocols, assays, and biological methodology, in all cases, whether or not copyrightable or patentable, in written, electronic or any other form now known or hereafter developed.