Master Alliance Provisions Guide (MAPGuide)

Ten Principles for Socially Responsible Licensing, by Netherlands Federation of University Medical Centers (June 2019)

  • Access to medicines | Equitable access
  • Access to medicines | Policy considerations
  1. Academic institutions strive to ensure that research contributes to societal and/or economic development.
  2. Academic institutions retain the right to continue using their own results and to let them be used for research and education.
  3. Academic institutions make licensing agreements exclusively with parties that can reasonably be expected to continue developing the knowledge and are committed to doing so.
  4. Academic institutions verify that partners with whom they have arranged a licensing agreement do not have societal objectives that are in conflict with their own.
  5. Academic institutions ensure that no traditional or indigenous knowledge or inventions based on it are included under intellectual property rights without appropriate agreements being made with the rights holders.
  6. Academic institutions, when applying these principles, take those parties that are directly concerned into account and ensure that they are adequately informed of the wishes and interests of those interested parties.
  7. Protection and licences must not conflict with the legal task and societal mandate of academic institutions.
  8. Licences stimulate the development and use of technology and knowledge and bestow rights that are clearly defined and limited. Consideration must be given to both the commercial interests of the current partner and any other future applications. Plus unintentionally including future results or the results of others must be avoided.
  9. In certain countries, licences provide space to encourage or ensure marketing access or development, where possible. They can also offer possibilities to encourage or ensure application in certain sectors.
  10. Licences ensure that the price-setting of the final products and/or services does not endanger accessibility.